1. Cousins, I. and Mackay, D. (2000). Correlating the physical-chemical properties of phthalate esters using the "three solubility" approach. Chemosphere 41:1389-1399. 

*A quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) method for the correlation of physical-chemical properties and partition coefficients, namely the "three solubility" approach (air-water, air-octanol, and octanol-water), is described and applied to a group of 22 phthalate esters. A set of selected values is presented, with error limits, which is recommended for use in modeling and assessment studies.

2. Ellington, J.J. (1999). Octanol/Water Partition Coefficients and Water Solubilities of Phthalate Esters.
Journal of Chemical Engineering Data 44: 1414-1418.

U.S. EPA scientist measured log octanol-water partition coefficients and water solubilities for a series of phthalate esters using the slow-stirring method.

[NOTE: This research was not directly sponsored by the Panel or producers, but rather was EPA’s contribution to a joint EPA/Panel research program. The Panel’s contribution is represented by the Call et al. papers – items 2 and 3 under “Sediment and Soil Exposure,” above.]

3. Howard, P.H. (1989). Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data for Organic Chemicals. Vol. I Large Production and Priority Pollutants. Lewis Publishers, Inc. Chelsea, MI.

Contains a summary of physical properties data and environmental fate infrmation for a series of phthalate esters.

[NOTE: This handbook was not sponsored by the Panel or producers, but is a general reference text that includes information on phthalate esters.]

*Sponsored by the Phthalate Esters Panel (in whole or in part).

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