Some reports claim phthalates are associated with an increase in blood pressure or insulin resistance in some adolescents, and the study’s author is telling people to avoid microwaving plastic containers and use recycling symbols as a way to avoid phthalates. These studies and the claims made by their author are extremely misleading because:

  • Phthalates are among the most thoroughly studied family of chemicals, and government regulatory bodies support the safety of phthalates for consumer uses.
  • Food packaging is reviewed for safety by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and its stringent safety review is done before new materials are allowed on the market.
  • Most plastic food packaging and storage items are made with other types of plastics and do not require softening agents like phthalates. Microwave Safe Symbol
  • Many plastics are made for microwave use; look for this symbol to know whether plastic is okay for the microwave or not.

Other myths about phthalates and food containers are also causing unnecessary concern and confusion.

Myth: Trasande et al. has suggested phthalates may be present in the diet of children through food contact materials and could potentially adversely affect children’s health as a result.

In reality, people typically are not exposed to phthalates through microwaveable plastics, and not all recycling code 3 vinyl contains phthalates. DINP and DIDP have received multiple health and safety evaluations from global regulatory agencies, which have concluded they expect no risks via food under existing conditions of use. Full details are available in an open letter we wrote to the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Myth: Phthalates are unsafe.

In reality, government scientific agencies and regulatory bodies worldwide have supported the safety of high molecular weight phthalates in commercial products, and the research indicates these phthalates break down into metabolites within minutes after entering the body and are excreted within 12-24 hours. Information collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention during the last 10 years indicates that exposure from all sources combined is extremely low – much lower than the levels established as safe by scientists at regulatory agencies.

Myth: Phthalates cause increased blood pressure and insulin resistance in children.

In reality, at most, the two recent studies cited by this author show an association, not a causal relationship. Furthermore, the studies fail to show that exposure to phthalates causes any particular effect, and the purported statistical correlation wasn’t even particularly strong. The authors themselves say more studies are needed to confirm these alleged associations.

Myth: DINP and DIDP are new replacements for DEHP.

In reality, DINP and DIDP have developed a very strong safety profile during the 50 years in which they have been in use. Government regulatory bodies support the safety of phthalates for current consumer uses.

Myth: Plastics in food containers aren’t reviewed for safety before they are sold or used in consumer products.

In reality, any material intended for food contact is reviewed for safety by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and its stringent safety review is done before new materials are allowed on the market.

Myth: People can be exposed to phthalates through plastic food wraps and containers.

In reality, phthalates aren’t used in those materials; and food packaging like takeout containers is not “coated” with phthalates, as was inaccurately stated in some reporting.

Myth: You shouldn’t microwave or put plastic food containers in the dishwasher because the high heat makes the chemicals leach.

The FDA says consumers can be confident as they heat “meals or leftovers in the microwave that the FDA carefully reviews the substances used to make plastics designed for food use. These include microwave-safe plastic coverings that keep food from splattering and microwave-safe containers that hold frozen dinners.”

Myth: The recycling symbol on a plastic can tell you whether a plastic is safe or not.

In reality, this symbol was created to help recyclers sort different types of plastics; it is not intended to provide guidance on safe or recommended uses.

» More information on the FDA Safety Assessment of Food Contact Materials

» More information about the FDA Food Contact Notification Process 


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